“Show me the coin for the tax.” And they brought him a denarius. And Jesus said to them, “Whose likeness and inscription is this?” They said, “Caesar’s.” Then he said to them, “Therefore render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”” (Matthew 22:19–21, ESV)
A group of Pharisees set out to "entangle Jesus in His word." Talk about a lesson in futility! Who in their right mind possibly thinks they can entangle the Son of God in His words! But not only did they set out on an impossible task, they took their enemies with them for assistance, the Herodians! The Herodians were a group of people who sought to increase the political power of Herod. Hence, their commitment was more political than religious, and considering the times, they were willing to support Rome and Rome's unjust system of taxation. The Pharisees plot was to ask Jesus a question about taxation that would cause him to answer in support of their religious ideas hence angering they Herodians or answer in support of Politics and undermine his commitment to God's people. Far from being entangled in His words, Jesus' answer caused everyone to marvel. And yet, what is so profound about "money has Caesar's picture on it so go ahead and give it to Him." Isn't that pretty self explanatory – not really profound is it? Until you begin to think about what else Jesus says, "Render to God what is God!" You see, Jesus asked for a coin then asked what image is on the coin. Caesar's. Well then, humanly speaking Caesar (Rome, government) controls money, so go ahead and pay taxes – But whatever has God's image on it, give it wholly to God. And all who were listening knew exactly what Jesus was saying. A coin has a picture of a man on it so it really is not that valuable at all. But, that which has God's image on it is supremely valuable – our lives! And we must give our lives wholly to God!